KSSP Application Process Welcome to the KAS SAIIA Scholarship Programme application. Please note: There are 5 sections of multiple choice questions in this application process. You will only have 28 minutes to answer all the sections. Keep an eye on your time. Once the time limit has been reached, your application will be automatically submitted. Email Name Which political ideology has the goal of the complete expropriation of the private sector?LiberalismConservatismCommunism Which of the following is the core value of Classic Liberalism?EqualityIndividual FreedomSolidarity Which political philosopher/economist argued in favour of a free market as a mechanism to define prices through offer and demand?Karl MarxAdam SmithJean-Jacques Rousseau Hans Morgenthau, John Mearsheimer and Kenneth Waltz are part of which school of thought in international relations theory?Realism/NeorealismInstitutionalismConstructivism In his publication "Clash of Civilizations," Samuel Huntington argues that …… capitalism will destroy the planet.… identity and religious fault lines will cause conflicts.… the next "cold-war style" of conflict will arise between the US and China, being the two economic superpowers. In 2009, in her first notable publication, which had been a worldwide success, African economist Dambisa Moyo argued that …… European countries should pay compensation for the damage of colonialism.… foreign development aid is ineffective and should be faded out.… China will substitute European countries as the main donor country in Africa. Which statesman won the Nobel Prize for Literature?Nelson MandelaMichail GorbatchovWinston Churchill The two economists Daron Acemoglu and James A Robinson argue that nations fail to grow if…… political and economic institutions are extractive, property rights are not guaranteed.… there is no free trade.… labour costs are rising faster than inflation. What is not part of a research design in political or social sciences?Formulation of the research problemLiterature reviewLetter of approval of the professor Is a hypothesis part of a quantitative research design?YesNoOptional What did Robert Putnam describe in his Logic of Two-Level Games?The interdependence of economic weak and economically powerful countries.The interdependence of diplomacy and domestic politics.The interdependence of the ruling party and the opposition regarding a country's foreign policy. Which of these journals of international relations is not US based?Foreign AffairsInternational AffairsHarvard International Review Why did Niccolò Macchiavelli's "The Prince" generate controversy?Critics said his recommendations to tyrants help them maintain their power.He argued that a monarchy is a superior form of government to a republic.He argued that a king should pass power to his prince after maintaining power for a maximum of 20 years. What are the characteristics of a Federal Republic?A state composed of different provinces and a presidential form of government, and a single national constitution.A federation of states, with a monarch as the symbolic head of state.A federation of states, each having its constitution, and the absence of a ruling monarch. Which of the following countries is not a constitutional parliamentary monarchy?United KingdomAustraliaItaly Following Karl Marx' theories, socialism…… is the final goal of communism.… is the dictatorship of the worker class on the path to communism.… means just the existence of social welfare. What is Politikon?A manifesto of a political party.The journal of the South African Association of Political Studies.A Greek philosopher. How many offices does the Institute of Security Studies maintain in Africa?234 What is Accord?A journal by the African Union that focuses on the mediation and resolution of conflicts.A non-governmental organisation/institution working throughout Africa to bring African solutions to conflicts on the continent.A general agreement by African heads of states to minimise conflicts and violence on the African continent. From a legal perspective, who elects the South African President?The votersThe political partiesThe Members of the National Assembly In which of the listed systems it is relatively easier to end the term of the President?A parliamentary systemA presidential systemA semi-presidential system Which form of government is dominant among African states?A parliamentary systemA presidential systemA semi-presidential system How many African countries have the monarchy as their form of government?4 or lessBetween 5 to 8More than 9 When did Nelson Mandela start to write the first parts of his book "A Long Walk to Freedom"?During his time in prison on Robben IslandDuring his time in Pollsmoor prisonAfter his liberation, because he was not allowed to write while being in prison. What are the requirements for an "peer-reviewed" article?The article must be published by a university researcher and part of an edited book of compiled articles reviewed by the university.The article must have been reviewed by an independent expert of the same field to assure its scientific quality.The article must be published in English and reviewed by an expert whom the Department of Higher Education authorises. In his article "Toward a Theory of Revolution", James C Davis developed the J-Curve. Based on his illustration, it can be stated that revolutions are more like to occur ...... when a prolonged period of objective and social development is followed by a long period of sharp reversal... when a prolonged period of objective and social development is followed by a short period of sharp reversal... when a prolonged period of objective and social development is follwed by a unification under the J, mobilizing people to demand change through vandalism. The famous British philosopher John Locke is often regarded asone of the fathers of the enlightment and a key figure in the development of liberalismone of the fathers of counter-enlightment and a key figure in the development of neo-liberalismone of the fathers of enlightment and a key figure in the development of socialism Centralism is the opposite of ?FederalismFeminismFeudalism In 1960, American economist Walt Whitman Rostow developed the Rostow Stages of Growth model. The model postulates that economic growth occurs in different basic stages of varying length. What are the different stages?The traditional society, the take-off, the drive to maturity, the age of high mass-consumptionThe traditional society, the preconditions to take-off, the take-off, the drive to maturity, the age of high mass-consumption, flexing on social mediaThe traditional society, the preconditions take-off, the take-off, the drive to maturity, the age of high mass-consumption Which African thinker wrote the "On the Post-Colony"?Achille MbembeAdam HabibAdekeye Adebajo The head office of SAIIA is located on the campus of theUniversity of the WitwatersrandUniversity of Cape TownUniversity of Kwazulu Natal The abbreviation SAIIA stands for...South African Institute of International AffairsSouth African International Institute of AffairsSouth Africas International Interdisciplinary Association In the 2017 Global Think Tank Index, SAIIA has been mentioned. Which of the following statement is correct?SAIIA's performance could not be ratedSAIIA belongs to the top 30 think tanks world wideSAIIA belongs to the top-10 think tanks in Sub-Saharan Africa In 2021 SAIIA is celebrating its87th birthday27th birthday47th birthday Which of the following is not a special tool-kit by SAIIA?China-Africa ToolkitG20-ToolkitSouth-Africa-Cuba Toolkit What is the price for the annual student membership at SAIIA?100 ZAR250 ZAR500 ZAR How long has the KAS-SAIIA Scholarship Programme existed?More than Five YearsMore than Twenty YearsMore than Fifty Years SAIIA has different funders, how many core funders does SAIIA have?SixNoneTwo From an organizational perspective, SAIIA has different programmes in South Africa. How many programmes does SAIIA have?ThreeFiveSeven Which of the following is one of SAIIA's programmes?SAIIA PastSAIIA PresentSAIIA Futures Which of the following is not one of SAIIA's programmes?Economic DiplomacyForeign PolicyMultilateralism SAIIA's publications are based in different categories, how many are there?ThreeFourNine How many SAIIA Programmes are based in Johannesburg?TwoThreeFour How many KAS-SAIIA Scholars are in the 2021 cohort?FiveTwentyThirteen The abbreviation KAS stands forKonrad-Adenauer-StiftungKofi-Annan-StiftungKurt-Angel-Stiftung The work of KAS is based on three underlying principles; what are those principles?Peace, Joy, EggcakeFreedom, Justice, SolidarityPro bono publico KAS is ...An Association of African PhilanthropistsA Political FoundationA Private Equity Cooperation Where is the KAS head office?BerlinLondonParis Since when is KAS in South Africa?198219342006 What does KAS promote?DemocracyAutocracySocialism Who was Konrad Adenauer?A former German ChancellorNelson Mandela's fundraiser in GermanyA former UN Secretary-General Which of the following statements is true?KAS is active in more than 100 countriesKAS is active in more than 20 countriesKAS is active in more than 50 countries The President of KAS is?Desmond TutuNorbert LammertUrsula von der Leyen Why is Konrad Adenauer famous in Germany?He was the first German Chancellor after WWIIHe is the author of Das KapitalHe was Nelson Mandela's fundraiser in Germany Which of the following statements is true?Konrad Adenauer was the German Chancellor from 1949-1963Konrad Adenauer was the UN Secretary General from 1949-1963Konrad-Adenauer was the fundraiser for Nelson Mandela from 1949-1963 Where does KAS have offices in South Africa?PretoriaJohannesburg, Cape TownJohannesburg, Cape Town, Bloemfontein Konrad Adenauer and Charles de Gaulle can be best described as...Brothers in ArmsFathers of the European UnionPartners in fundraising for African development Which economic system did the Adenauer government introduce?Social Market EconomyPlanned EconomyFree Market Economy KAS is ideologically affiliated to ...The Free Democratic PartyThe Christian Democratic UnionThe Left Party In all low-income countries across the world, how many girls finish primary school?20%50%60% The vast majority of the global population lives in:High-income countriesLow-income-countriesMiddle-income-countries How has the number of people living in absolute poverty changed over the last 20 years?Statistically, this number has almost halvedStatistically, this figure has scarcely changedStatistically, this number has been nearly doubled The global average life expectancy is currently about50 years60 years70 years Which Global Summit is focussed on global warming challenges in 2021?BRICSCOP26G7 Work is to money, as study is to...ReadingTortureKnowledge Which Items are placed at the end of a document?End NoteFoot NoteHeader Which former United States President is considered a key proponent of modern idealism and the need for international institutional arrangements?Woodrow WilsonJimmy CarterDwight D. Eisenhower In game theory, which scenario is used to describe the event in which a rational agent would choose to cooperate rather than to defect, even though this would result in a suboptimal outcome for the individuals in the group?The Prisoner's DilemmaThe Free-Man's FortuneMatching Pennies Which political theory argues that global economic relations are arranged to benefit certain social classes and that the resulting 'world-system' is fundamentally unjust?RealismStructuralismLiberalism Which renewable energy resource is South Africa’s Department of Science and Innovation currently developing a roadmap and plans for an industrial cluster for?Green oxygenGreen hydrogenGreen biomass What is the term used to denote how the anticipation of future extraction revenue leads to adverse macro-economic and political effects?Resource GovernanceExtractive GovernanceResource Curse Conflict in Mozambique is often associated with the discovery of which natural resource/s?OilGoldLiquified Natural Gas The first Public Protector in South Africa wasThuli MadonselaSelby BaqwaAhmed Kathrada The speaker of the National Assembly isBaleka MbeteThandi ModiseCyril Ramaphosa The Supreme Court of Appeal is based inPretoriaCape TownBloemfontein According to Statistics SA (Stats SA), in the first quarter of 2021, the South African economy grew by how much percent?4,5%1,1%7,1% In Nelson Mandela's autobiography Long Walk to Freedom. He says I was not born with a hunger…to be freeto winto fight The statement "A comb is a foreign concept to Africa" in Thabo Mbeki's biography The Dream Deferred is attributed to which well known South African politicianGwede MantasheLindiwe SisuluMbuyiseni Ndlozi "I am an African, and I set my pride in my race over against a hostile public opinion",who said these words?Thabo MbekiSteve BikoPixley Seme The National and Provincial Elections in South Africa takes place every3 years5 years4 years Which are the 3 Chapter 9 institutions in South AfricaThe Public Protector, The General Prosecuter, The Judicial Service CommissionThe Public Protector, The Electoral Commission, The Auditor-GeneralThe Public Protector, The Electoral Commission, The State Capture Commission Who coined the term rainbow nation?Nelson MandelaJacob ZumaDesmond Tutu The first President of South Africa's Constitutional Court wasMoegeng MoegengArthur ChaskalsonGeorge Bizos Who said: "Democracy is a government of the people, by the people and for the people"Julius MalemaBarack ObamaAbraham Lincoln How many South Africans are living in extreme poverty (UN Report)1 out of 53 out of 54 out of 5 National Orders are the highest awards that a country, through its President, bestows on its citizens and eminent foreign nationals. What is SA's highest order?Order of IkhamangaOrder of the BaobabOrder of Mapungubwe The direct translation of the motto ǃke e꞉ ǀxarra ǁke on the Coat of Arms written in the Khoisan language of the ǀXam people is…FreedomDiverse people uniteDemocracy Nkosi Sikelel' iAfrika was composed byEnoch SontongaHugh MasekelaOliver Mutukudzi The National Assembly is composed of how many seats500400250 The Chairperson of the Judicial Service Commission isPresident of the Republic of South AfricaChief Justice of South AfricaMinister of Justice and Correctional Services South Africa’s mid year population is estimated to have increased to 59,62 million in 2020TRUEFALSENone of the above What does the acronym NHI stand forNational Housing InitiativeNational Health InsuranceNone of the above The current leader of the Democratic Alliance isHelen ZilleMmusi MaimaneJohn Steenhuisen The founder of the Apolitical Academy isPhumzile van DammeLindiwe MazibukoHerman Mashaba I write what I like, is a compilation of writings from an anti-apartheid activistHelen SuzmanSteve BikoJoe Slovo African National Congress secretary-general Ace Magashule and seven others were charged in the asbestos eradication tender scandal worth…R 50 millionR 10 millionR 255 million In which year did South Africa join BRICS201820102006 In which year was South Africa the chair of the African Union201620182020 Who is the Minister of International Relations and CooperationMaite Nkoana-MashabaneNaledi PandorLindiwe Sizulu How many member states are in the Southern African Development Community (SADC)?1695 In which city is the headquarters of the (SADC)?MaseruWindhoekGaborone Which year was the Pan-African Parliament established?200420211994 What is the purpose of the Pan-African Parliament ?Intended to be Africa’s highest legislative authority (legislative body of the AU)Intended to facilitate free trade in and around AfricaIntended to hold African leaders accountable Which of the following African Union institutions is NOT based in South Africa?The Economic, Social and Cultural Council (ECOSOCC)The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM)The Pan-African Parliament (PAP) Who is the current chairperson of the African Union?Felix Antoine Tshisekedi, Democratic Republic of CongoCyril Ramaphosa, South AfricaPaul Kagame, Rwanda From which European country did Angola achieve independence in 1975?PortugalSpainFrance Which African country was the first to gain independence?South AfricaLiberiaKenya Which country was the first elected female head of state, Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, from?LiberiaKenyaGhana Which period of European history does "Scramble for Africa" refer to?Age of DiscoveryWorld War IIAge of Imperialism Which factor was mainly responsible for the mass killings in Rwanda and Burundi in the mid-1990s?ethnic conflictisolationist policiesdictatorial rule Which African country’s Prime Minister and entire government resigned?Central African RepublicAngolaZimbabwe Which European country and former colonial power agreed to pay Namibia €1.1bn over historical Herero-Nama genocide?BritainGermanyFrance Who was Haile Selassie I?Father of RastafarianismThe emperor of EthiopiaThe Prime minister of Ethopia The AfCFTA (African Continental Free Trade Area) is…Estimated to increase increase Africa’s exports by $560 billionA free travel agreement between the African Union membersA free pass to trade between European and African member states Which year did South Africa receive independence?191019651990 Who was the first president of Zambia?Thomas SankaraKenneth KuandaPatrice Lumumba Which two countries were never colonized by foreign powers during the “scramble for Africa”?Liberia and EthopiaEthopia and SudanEthopia and Tunisia Which famous statesman made the "I am an African" speech?Thabo MbekiPatrice LumumbaThomas Sankara The first G20 meeting took place during the financial crisis of the 1930s, also known as the Great Depression?TRUEFALSE Who is the South Africa’s current Minister of Finance?Pravin GordhanMalusi GigabaTito Mboweni BRICS is a coalition of prominent countries from the South consisting of the following membersBenin, Rwanda, Ivory Coast, Congo (DR) and South AfricaBrazil, Russia, India, China and South AfricaBrazil, Romania, Indonesia, Colombia and South Africa The World Trade Organization commenced operations in which year?199519452005 The Kimberley Process was set up to deal with what natural resource issue?Illegal fishingConflict diamondsCarbon emissions NDCs are important national policy tools to support the implementation of global commitments to address climate change. What does the acronym NDC stand for?Nature, Development and Climate planNationally Determined ContributionsNon-Directives on Climate What global issue is addressed by the Paris Agreement?Illegal wildlife tradeIllegal fishingClimate change What is the name of the regional framework that seeks to ensure that Africa’s mineral resources contribute to sustainable growth and industrialisation on the continent?The African Gold StandardThe African Minerals and Industry Growth ProgrammeThe African Mining Vision Which African country has the most developed startup ecosystem on the continent according to the StartupBlink Ecosystem Index Report 2021SenegalSouth AfricaNigeria True or False: Angola has more Portuguese speakers than Portugal.TrueFalse True or False:Parliaments in Africa have greater representation of women than the U.S. Congress.TrueFalse Copper's price has recently increased rapidly, partially due to its use in electric vehicles. Only one African country produces more copper than Zambia. Which is it?MauretaniaDRCEthiopia What is the capital of Ghana?BanguiAccraLibreville Which former African head of state was affectionely known as Mwalimu?Robert MugabeJulius NyerereJomo Kenyatta The Prime Minister of Lesotho isTom ThabanePercy TauMoeketsi Majoro Kofi Annan was the Secretary General of the United NationsTRUEFALSE What is commonly known as the "Arab Spring"?A political movement demanding democracy in the Middle East.A hot water spring in Mekka.Another term for the civil-war in Syria. Who is the British Prime Minister?Boris JohnsonBoris JelzinBoris Becker Who is currently the Brazilian President?Lula da SilvaJair BolsonaroGetulio Vargas Which country is not a member of the Arab League?TurkeySaudi ArabiaEgypt Who is the Chinese Head of Government?Mao ZedongDeng XiaopingXi Jinping South Africa’s annual Gross National Product (GDP) is about 350 billion US-Dollar. Which economy has a roughly a similar size?BrazilEgyptNiger The Southern African Customs Union……has 16 member states.… is one of the oldest existing custom unions in the world....has already been replaced by the SADC. The huge infrastructure project in order to strengthen Chinese trade routes is called:Belt and Road InitiativeChinese Port and Train ProjectGreat Walls for everyone Which is Angola’s most important commodity?SugarPlatinumOil What do Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania not have in common?They all share a part of Lake Victoria.At some point, they were all under British rule.The same colours in their flags. The minister of Defence for South Africa isFikile MbalulaNosiviwe Mapisa-NqakulaAce Magashule What type of electoral system does South Africa currently have?ProportionalFirst past the postNone of the above Which institution is responsible for organising and implementing elections in South Africa?The PresidencyThe Independent Electoral CommissionThe Public Protector How many official languages does South Africa have?Less than 5Between 6 and 9More than 10 What is the first sentence of the Preamble of the South African Constitution?We, the people of South Africa, recognise the injustices of our past;We, the people of South Africa, recognise the injustices of our present;We, the people of South Africa, recognise the injustices of our future; South Africa has direct access tothe Indian Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.the Indian Ocean and the Australian Ocean.the Arctic Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean.